What is the future of urban mobility ?
How can we continue to move freely and quickly around cities while reducing pollution, traffic and accidents?
The stakes are major, and they concern all of us. Innovative multinational companies and startups are ready to confront these issues. People are already talking about the “4th industrial revolution” — this revolution will unite industry and digital technology for the first time. Sustainable and connected mobilities are coming together for the first time to propose new ways for us to get around.
Now we’re talking urban mobility.
Autonomy’s vision of new mobility is based on the ADESA acronym
Cycling, walking, skating, roller-blading, kick-scooting etc. are still the most efficient and healthiest ways to move in cities. In Copenhagen bicycle traffic has risen by 68% in the last 20 years; in Amsterdam, 48% of city-centre trips are by bike; in London, more than 23 million rides a year are made by bicycle; in Paris, Vélib’ manages more than 39,000 bikes.
The rise of the Internet of Things makes it easy to capture data and optimise systems. Connected vehicles will generate the necessary data to enable autonomous driving. Smart Cities already leverage data to help us get around. Thanks to traffic lights, which adjust their timing in real-time, the average Seattle commuter now saves 7,5 hours and 6 litres of fuel per year.
The future of mobility is electric: buses, cars, 3-wheelers, scooters, bicycles, segways and solowheels are benefitting from improved battery technology. Reduced maintenance and running costs make EVs more appealing for urbanites. We now need to provide clean energy to meet this growing demand. Cities around the world are banning diesel: Oslo, 2017; Barcelona, 2019; London, low emission zone in 2020; Paris, 2025; Athens, 2025.
Shared mobility is well established in most major European cities. A second generation of free-floating ‘dockless’ vehicles, booked and paid for via smartphone, will soon enter our cities. In Germany the car-sharing fleet has grown from about 1000 vehicles in 2001 to more than 15 000 today.
The race is on between two competing AV solutions: OEMs building cars that can switch to autopilot on request and tech companies building robo-taxis that cannot be driven. There is no doubt that urbanites will start using AVs regularly in major cities by 2025. Autonomous vehicles are expected to comprise 25% of the global market between 2035 and 2040.